Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Investment Measures
The Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Investment Measures (TRIMS) was established in 1995 as a part of the World Trade Organization (WTO) framework to govern foreign investments by member countries. TRIMS outlines guidelines and principles to regulate the policies and measures that governments can impose on foreign investments to ensure that they do not discriminate against foreign investors.
Under TRIMS, WTO member countries cannot impose discriminatory measures on foreign investors or investment activities. The agreement prohibits regulations that require foreign investors to purchase goods or services from local sources, limits the extent to which foreign investors can participate in the management of their investments, and requires that foreign investors be allowed to transfer funds freely in and out of the country.
The purpose of TRIMS is to provide investors with a stable and predictable investment environment by establishing a level playing field for foreign and domestic investments. By doing so, the agreement aims to increase foreign investments and promote economic growth in developing countries.
However, TRIMS has been subject to criticism from various groups and countries. Some argue that it limits the ability of developing countries to implement policies that are necessary for their economic development. Others argue that it does not provide adequate protection for labor rights, environmental standards, and human rights.
Despite these criticisms, TRIMS remains an important agreement for foreign investors and businesses. It establishes a framework for investment regulations that helps to promote international trade and economic growth. With the growing importance of globalization and international trade, TRIMS is likely to continue to play a crucial role in shaping investment policies in the years to come.